Flora and fauna
Regarding the flora, soil start talking Formentera. Morphologically comprisesmainly limestone and sand. Along with the aforementioned low and irregularrainfall joins a marked permeability of the land, or unfavorable conditions foran extensive vegetation, but characterized the island. .
Much of Formentera is covered by forests of pine, Pinus halepensis, and "Savin ', Juniperus phoenicea, Cupressaceae family (gymnosperms). There are also some copies of "pine" Pinus pinea.
We could say that the juniper (with 'b' in Castilian) is the characteristic tree of Formentera, since in no other island of the archipelago reaches such great importance, both for its relative proportion, as the size and age of some of its representatives.
In the oldest houses in Formentera are skirting doors and windows, beams and other parts, constructed of juniper wood, which has stood perfectly both over the years as the weather. Its wood is also used sometimes as a decorative element in homes and restaurants. A particularly unfortunate use has been added to the traditional, the logging of juveniles to be used as "Christmas trees" because of its resemblance to a small fir tree, which contributes to deplete existing populations and to enhance their protection.Many copies of 'Savin' reach considerable proportions. Its wood has been commonly used for use in construction, due to its hardness.
The understory is typically Mediterranean: murder, Pistacia Lentiscus, rosemary, Rosmarinus Officinalis, Thyme, Coridothymus capitatus, "Ollastre" Olea Europea, juniper, Juniperus oxycedrus; white steppe, Cistus albidus, and so on.
In the sandy areas and beaches, apart from those already mentioned, there are other species, highlighting the "esteperol" Clusii dunal Cistus, "lletreres" genus Euphorbia and "botja" Ononis Natrix. There are also extensive plantings of "Càrritx" Ammophila Arenaria. . In the marshes near the salt abundant halophilic species such as the "jonc" and "solseres" Salicornia and Suaeda fructicosa Arabia. We are currently in the process of protecting our dune areas, the richness of its flora.
Other well-adapted species are prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) and plants "pita" (Agave Americana).
One of the most deep-rooted tree is the fig tree (Ficus Carica). It is a deciduous tree, twisted trunk, large lobed leaves and milky juice rough.Originally from Asia, its fruits have been used throughout time by the inhabitants of the island, one of the trees grown.
Currently have very little data on Formentera fauna. The existing data are rather incomplete. Also, only attempt here to the wildlife, not to mention the rich marine ecosystem (both animal and vegetable) that exists on our shores.
Beginning by mammals, we find first the absence of wild carnivores. Rabbits are plentiful, although there are no hares on the island. Some interesting species are the dormouse (Eliomys quercinus ssp. Gymnesicus) inFormentera has undergone a process of microevolution, as in the case of other species, has led to gigantism, to the extent that copies of
Formentera is the larger size of the world
Particularly interesting are the reptiles of Formentera, especially as regardsthe lizards (Podarcis sp.), With a set of species that have survived in genetic isolation conditions on small islands in the archipelago, evolving and giving rise to different subspecies, varieties, races, circles, etc.
There are also two geckos (Hemidactylus and turcicus Tarentolamauritanica), apparently introduced by e man. There is no type of snake, which could draw attention as one of the names that received the island in antiquity, Ofiusa seems to refer to such reptiles.
THERE ARE POISONOUS OR DANGEROUS ANIMALS ON THE ISLAND.
In insectivores, include species such as African hedgehog (Erinaceus algirusssp. Vagans), fairly abundant on the island, whose main enemy are the roadsand drivers at night, because hedgehogs try to cross at night and can end upbelow the wheels of a car clueless. They also emphasize the bats, formerlyabundant and are currently undergoing a marked decline.
Special mention should be made the birds Formentera,. It is well known that currently nest in Formentera at least 41 bird species, fairly high numbercompared to the 54 species that nest together in Ibiza and Formentera.
We can distinguish three groups according to their habitat, proper land birds, seabirds and wet locations, the latter two groups without doubt the most important. Highlight species that nest in the Estany Pudent, where there arelarge populations and relevant, even down to the Mediterranean.