Formentera is the fourth island of the Balearic Islands in terms of area, 82square kilometers, forming together with its neighbor the Pine Islands Ibiza. It is located between latitudes 38. º 40 'and 38. º 49' latitude north and between1. º 17 'and 1. º 28' east of Greenwich. It is separated from the island of Ibizaby a channel about 3.6 km distance between the ports of Ibiza andFormentera is 11 nautical miles. Its shape is elongated from east to westextending this end by the Cap de Barbaria to the south and the tips of SaPedrera and smudge to the north.
Morphologically, there is constituted by two very different courses: the EastPlateau de La Mola (192 m high) resulting in a coastline of cliffs, and plains of the West, on which stands Puig Guillem (106 m.) . These two nuclei are joined by a strip of land 3 km long that forms the beach of Mitjorn.
Geologically consists of two platforms in tabular form Miocene high above the sea, La Mola in the SE and the Cap de Barbaria-Pla del Rei SW, joined by anarrow strip of 1.5 km wide and 5 km in length, a depressed area to the northwhere are the two gaps or "lakes" and S'Estany S'Estany des Peix Pudent.The geological origin of the island is united to the Balearic Islands, and in particular to Ibiza. Its geological history is short and simple, being onlygeological substrates belonging to the Miocene and Quaternary. Miocenematerials are limited to higher areas like the cliffs of La Mola, Cap deBarbaria, Punta Prima and Punta Pedrera. The rest of the island is formed bysediments and alluvial deposits during the Quaternary.
Formentera soils are generally low productivity, shallow and very stony,sometimes crusted limestone outcropping with a high percentage of sand in most areas. One of the serious problems of Formentera, on its soil, is thestrong water erosion. Poor rains may be extreme, eroding the soil with amajor loss of substrate. Are these erosion processes which expose thelimestone crust that underlies much of the island, further increasing the difficulties for agriculture.
Formentera retains all its character integrity. The tourists who choose to do itprecisely because of its beauty and tranquility, which contributes even more to preserve its charm. This explains why the island's tourism industry is not usually a time of crisis. When raised some large projects, the rejection by the community was unanimous Formentera. Formentera struggle to find and maintain that balance between modernity and tradition.